Wisdom tooth extraction procedures are one of the most known types of surgery. They are outpatient, same-day procedures, meaning there is no requirement for admission to a clinic or hospital. In fact, the procedure is typically performed in your dentist’s office. Generally, they have an extremely high success rate and quick recovery. Despite this, there are still many individuals who don’t want to go through with the removal procedure, particularly if the teeth are not bothering them. Many dentists recommend wisdom tooth extraction, even if there are no obvious indicators for surgery, like pain.
Removal at an early age
These days, this procedure is almost like a milestone in adolescent/young adult life, as dentists often recommend you get these teeth removed early. Recovery is typically quicker in younger individuals, especially given that the anatomy of the mouth is still forming. Getting wisdom teeth removed at a later age could carry a higher risk of damaging fully formed parts of the mouth, like tooth roots.
Factors indicating removal
Wisdom teeth are molars. They grow at the back of your mouth, making them your third molars. Most of the time, they begin to grow and emerge in your late teens or early 20s. Again, people are often reluctant to go through with removal, particularly if there is no pain, asking questions like why they should go through with the procedure and deal with the recovery if it isn’t bothering them. Or why recommend your child go through a surgical procedure if you don’t think it’s needed? There are numerous factors that inform a dentist’s recommendation for this procedure, including but not limited to the following.
Angle of growth
Even if there is no pain or discomfort, many dentists recommend removal for a variety of reasons. Every person is different. Every patient is different. No two people have the exact same type of wisdom teeth and growth process. For example, the angle at which your wisdom teeth grow may be a key factor indicating removal. They grow in a very crowded space behind your already developed molars. As such, if they don’t grow straight, they can actually impact nearby teeth and cause damage to structures. This may not cause obvious pain at the moment, but it is possible for the pain to develop later.
Other individuals will quickly experience pain or discomfort. For example, some individuals’ teeth will grow perpendicular to the molars, basically growing straight into your other teeth, as in a t-bone type shape. It is almost certain that these people will experience some pain or discomfort as the teeth develop. Wisdom teeth can cause swelling, inflammation, and damage to your gums, teeth, and other parts of your mouth.
Wisdom teeth are considered “impacted” teeth if they are covered by the gums or even by bone. Beyond pain, discomfort, and damage to structures, other complications may present themselves. For example, due to the difficulty in cleaning a partially covered tooth, you can be at higher risk of infection. Worse, impacted wisdom teeth have been found to potentially cause cysts and tumors, meaning they may carry an increased risk of cancer. For these and many other reasons, your dentist may recommend a wisdom tooth extraction.
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